The Ottoman Empire was defeated by the allies in World War I. The entity we now call the ‘Byzantine Empire’ was/is the Roman Empire. Was the German State (Holy Roman Empire) Better off without the Kingdom of Italy (Lombardy)? One of the things that I think about is that the Ottoman Empire was really a place of interchange, similar to the story of Islamic Spain, and even Norman and Arab Sicily, which of course, nobody talk about. Conclusion. Let's say from 1500 AD, when military technology was not much different from the Roman's. THE OTTOMAN DYNASTY created the most enduring empire in human history. The Ottoman Empire (1453 -1924) lasted five-hundred years and the territory it occupied was located west of the Middle-East. Rise of the Ottoman Empire. Tokugawa Shogunate Vs Ottoman Empire. The differences between the two empires also extend to their religious, scientific, cultural and political structures. ... empire ottoman. If that second rate medieval knight was effective in fighting the wars the Ottoman armies fought the Roman legions would be effective as well. Osman Ghazi Khan or Othman I El-Gazi, who was the father of the Ottoman Empire, was born in 1258 in the town of Soğut. Soldiers of the Ottoman Empire had more advanced weapons than those of the Roman soldiers, as firearms were non-existent 2000 years ago. I would like to go further into the details of the Roman Empire because there were some people who understood its fragility. Also, the use of the word "heavy" on cavalry shows that armor was still effective which means that guns weren't as effective as they would become in the future: when they made armor totally useless, by the late 17th century, that the. By the mid-14th century, the Ottomans had made their way west and taken control of the Balkans. The Eastern Roman Empire survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. ''Virgin''. Ottoman Empire during various time periods This map displays the Ottoman Empire’s territory at its peak around 1683 CE under Mehmed IV. Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire were two large power centers for several centuries, shaping geopolitical struggles in Europe and Asia and influencing global policies. F rom 1527 until 1606, there was nearly constant fighting on the long frontier in Hungary and Croatia that divided the Ottoman Empire from the Habsburg monarchy. Article by NatGeoEducation. Rome's beginnings as a small city-state meant that Romans and even Italians were always a distinct minority within the empire. your own Pins on Pinterest He was a stubborn, serious old man. Les empires ottoman et romain étaient tous deux étendus sur de larges pans de la terre. Introduction. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Alexios Komnenos smokin a big ole meth pipe, February 23, 2016 • 4 comments. This article would be very interesting had its info on the Roman Empire been accurate. Christians living in the Ottoman Empire were forced to pay a tax to the Muslim rulers. Women in the Ottoman as well as the Roman Empire were expected to live under the protection of men. The Ottoman Empire lasted longer than the Roman Empire, which only existed for five and a half centuries. And he is the heir to a religious dynasty, the Safavias. In our imagination that a Seven Years war European army was the Ottoman army in 1600 AD. The famous Sultana Valideh, Hürrem, actually received foreign officials and advised the emperor on different subjects simply because he respected her intellect. [4] In the 1860s and 1870s discussion of a law that would have permitted all men to vote left Muslims worried that the Ottoman Empire was no longer a Muslim society. Tournefort, sent to Anatolia by the French King, Louis the XIV, for botanical research informs us, in his Voyage au Levant, that in 1732, he witnessed personally an exorcism against vampirism near … Technology is overpowered. Even at the same time that the Ottomans were conquering Europe, they were trading, interchanging, with it. The differences between the two empires also extend to their religious, scientific, cultural and political structures. Cooper Davante. Imperial Princess of the Ottoman Empire Princess Durru Shehvar Born 26 January 1914 Çamlıca Palace, Üsküdar, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire Died 7 February 2006 (aged 92) London, England Burial Brookwood Cemetery Spouse Azam Jah Issue Mukarram Jah Muffakham Jah Khadija Hayriya Aisha Durr-i-Shahvar Turkish: Hatice Hayriye Ayşe Dürrüşehvar Dynasty Ottoman … Although the great majority of the ulama rejected Ê¿Abd al-Rāziq’s view, secular elites blended it with a … But by the end of his life, he looked tired and quite sad. See more. The Roman Empire was an ancient ruled by the chief priests of Rome. Both cultures’ descendants are nowadays considered the scum of Europe. The Ottoman Empire began from one of the small tribes established in northwestern Anatolia in 1299. Aug 13, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Catspaw. The Roman and Ottoman empires existed in different millennia, and each of their boundaries stretched into Asia, Africa, and Europe. Also, the peak of Ottoman power was earlier than in 1600 AD. Sultans like Mehmed II took personal interest in scientific discussions and the establishment of educational institutions in the kingdom. Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II wages an epic campaign to take the Byzantine capital of Constantinople and shapes the … During most historical periods, most human beings have been living in empires, including the Chinese and Persian Empires, the classical Roman Empire, Byzantium, the Caliphate, the Ottoman Empire, the Indian Empires, the Holy Roman Empire, the German Empire… Slaves also had the right to marry who they wished to. Sultans like Mehmed II took personal interest in scientific discussions and the establishment of educational institutions in the kingdom. The Roman Empire was a large political territory that helped shape modern-day western civilization. The Eastern Roman Empire survived for another millennium, until Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks of Sultan Mehmed II in 1453. Maybe it's the easy access to trade routes, maybe it's the abundance of natural resources, or maybe it's just the abundance of wine, but for whatever reason the Mediterranean region has continuously been the focal point of many different imperial pursuits. The Roman Empire at it’s height was famous for its disciplined legions, covered by cavalry and supported by auxiliaries. In 1453, the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople and thus the Byzantine Empire. Really this needs a major rewrite or just shitcanned altogether. century Holy Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empires. ↑ The text of the summary of the history is mainly based on the text in Wikipedia. He used to be quite energetic and outgoing. 4. It is a term made up long after the end of the Empire by butthurt Western Europeans, who wanted to pretend that The Empires legacy belonged to the west. As the empire grew into Europe, more and more non-Muslims came under Ottoman authority. Battle of Kars: Aug. 9-19, 1745. They could be mistreated, misused, and even murdered by their masters with no penalty being exacted by the justice system. During his reign, Osman united the independent states in Anatolia under a single rule. The Ottoman Empire had just one state religion- Islam. See more ideas about ottoman empire, ottoman, empire. period. The Sultans believed that killing un-ransomed captives of war was un-Islamic, and a waste of military capital. See more ideas about Roman empire, Roman history, Ancient rome. The Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, and Ottoman E… Back to History for Kids Answer: Russia’s intervention in the Ottoman Empire’s internal affairs under the pretext of protecting of the Orthodox was one of the causes of the Crimean War (1853-56). The Ottomans emerged into a dominant Muslim force in Anatolia and the … Even though non-Muslim subjects were encouraged to convert to Islam, Christians and Jews were allowed to practice their religions in accordance with the Treaty of Umar ibn al-Khattab (Masters, 2001). Ottoman Empire, greatest extent: 5.2 million km2. The different types of trade used by the empires were one of the biggest differences between them. Word index: 1 … The Ottoman Empire at it’s height used massed gunfire, horse archery and heavy artillery. The eastern Roman Empire out of Constantinople was where all the glory and from anyway so it’s probably best to disregard the empire in the Italian peninsula. Discover (and save!) There was even a period between the 16th and 17th centuries when women like Ayşe Hafsa Sultan , Mihrimah Sultan, Hürrem Sultan, and Kösem Sultan ruled the Empire because the emperors were either incompetent, or in their minority (Keating, 2007). Oct 23, 2020 - Explore Nuray ALTUNTAŞ's board "Ottoman Empire", followed by 570 people on Pinterest. 0:30. Roman empire would have its hiney handed to it on a platter. For example, in the 1530s, over 80% of the population in Ottoman Europe was not Muslim. Students will be able to draw inferences about the significant contributions of the empires on subsequent eras up to the present day. In contrast, the Roman Empire supported the worship of a collection of deities known as the Pantheon (Potter, 1999). The Ottoman Empire was first established in the northwestern region of present-day Anatolia by Osman, a tribal leader, in the late 1200s. The Romans of 100 AD have vastly superior … It was under control of the government of the city of Rome (and for a brief time, the city of Constantinople) for around 500 years. I guess that relative to the European powers it was under Suleiman the Magnificent, that's it in the 1530's, 1540's, when armies weren't "barrages of musket and cannon fire", and bows were still effective weapons. But these are dangerous times in the empire. Blog. All rights reserved. Some of the most significant scholars in mathematics and astronomy, like Taki al- Din al-Rasid, championed the sciences within schools in the Ottoman Empire. AlphaF 5677 posts : 22 Oct 2010 Fri 03:31 pm: Napoleon had a campaign to Egypt to establish French supremacy in Eastern Mediterrenean. The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. Your email address will not be published. Suggested Procedures. Sep 13, 2010 #1 around the time of the Barbary wars the British empire declares war on the Ottoman empire Roman Empire, greatest extent: 5.0 million km2. Across time, at least three of the world's greatest empires built their power around the Mediterranean Sea. Roman Empire Gradually and somewhat reluctantly the Roman Empire granted roman citizenship to various individuals, families, or whole communities for their service to the empire. At the height of its power in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire controlled all of Asia … The Roman Empire did not end in 476, at all. A man with a nickname of “Kara” meaning black in modern Turkish was the father of the Ottoman Empire during the thirteenth century. This is why they authorized the drafting of young Christian male captives in the Yeniceri (janissary) elite regiment (Masters, 2001). Croatia - Croatian National Tourist Board. It was named after Osman I (1), the first Ottoman ruler who expanded his empire into the Byzantine Empire in Asia Minor. The empire collapsed and was replaced by Christian Kingdoms in the 470s AD. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 to Ottoman empire caused an inflation on prices of goods, restriction on slave trade, the key source of labor in Europe, the loss of Mediterranean trade routes and imposed a religious threat to Eastern Europe. The Ottomans originally migrated from Central Asia as nomads and settled in the early 14th century as a military Turkic principality in western Anatolia (present-day TURKEY), between the frontier zone of the Seljuk state and the Byzantine Empire. Watch trailers & learn more. Ottoman Empire from what year? In the Roman Empire, the lives of all women were dictated by their husbands, sons, or fathers. JOIN NOW SIGN IN. The Ottoman Empire was a Turkish Islamic empire that existed from 1299 to 1923. Question: What was the name of the Ottoman-Russian agreement that enabled Russia to act as the protector of Greek Orthodox Christians inside the Ottoman Empire? 0:46. Complete History of Ottoman Empire / Ghazi Osman Founder of Ottoman Empire. Since enslaving an Islamic person was against the law, they turned to Africans. Also, the French army was 80,000 strong in the late 16th century, around the same scale as the Ottoman army. empire romain nm propre nom propre masculin: fait référence à un lieu, une personne,... et s'accorde au masculin. In the Ottoman Empire, only the son of the Sultan could succeed him as ruler. Dec. 11, 2020. The Jannisaries were very professional and effective with their use of firearms and they protected their atillery well. The Ottoman Empire’s capital was Istanbul, while the Roman Empire’s capital was Rome. For six centuries, it served as the primary crossroads between the Western and Eastern worlds. The Ottoman Empire was an empire that lasted from the 1300s to 1922, centered around the lands currently known as Turkey in Asia Minor. It is a Muslim dynasty, like the Ottoman Empire, but unlike the Ottoman Empire, it is based on Twelver Shia Islam. Similarities Safavids Differences The Safavids: Ruled Persia Capital at Isfahan Founded by Ismail (r. 1501-1524) Overthrew previous dynasty and declared himself Shah Makes Shia Islam the official religion of the empire Empire called Safavid after Sufi thinker Safi al-Din Introduction “Empire” is a classical category in the study of politics that was neglected or even derided for several decades. Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, archaeology, arts and culture, and history in books and movies. J'aimerais examiner de plus près certaines réalités de l'Empire romain dont certains avaient compris la fragilité. Cavalry and spears were still effective weapons in 1600 AD. A difference is there tolerance towards other religions. The Ottoman Empire’s westward expansion was halted for good after the Ottoman defeat, and European fancies about Ottoman decline began to gain more traction. Even though women in the Ottoman Empire had limited lives outside the home, there were many regular events that allowed them to leave their homes. …with the end of the Ottoman Empire, therefore, was not a matter of concern.Henceforward, each predominantly Muslim country would be free to determine its own political system. Both Ottoman and Safavid Both produced the greatest political and military power in the Islamic world Both were Muslim's Empire Both dominated by warrior aristocrats who shared power with monarch Absolutism reflected in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Tokugawa Shogunate Ottoman Empire … At the height of the British Empire, say late 1800s to the Second World War, Britain ruled roughly 1/4 of all the people in the world; an empire indeed. The continuation, succession and revival of the Roman Empire is a running theme of the history of Europe and the Mediterranean region. The Austrians made raids against Ottoman soldiers attempting to enter the city. Thereafter, … Osman I, a leader of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia, founded the Ottoman Empire around 1299. Ottoman army circa 1600 CE had enough musket fire-power to make lorica segmentata look like perforated cheese. Rise of Empires: Ottoman. That part of the empire was always considered different to ge Latin or western empire anyway because they were mainly influenced by the Greeks. Optimal size of Roman empire in post-principate period. Let's say 100 AD Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire from 1500 AD. The Differences between Socialism and National Socialism, The Differences Between The Pharisees and Sadducees, The Difference Between The Hindu Calendar and The Gregorian Calendar, Difference between Marinara and pizza sauce. The Battle of Kars is considered by most historians to be the last major battle of the last major war between the Ottoman Empire … The Ottoman Empire lasted longer than the Roman Empire, which only existed for five and a half centuries. The dry summer season meant that the Ottoman army proceeded faster then usual across Hungary, to reach Vienna by early August. While the Ottoman Empire, which was established by Osman 1, was a world power from 1299AD and 1923AD, the Roman Empire, whose first emperor was Augustus, dominated the world from 27BC to 476AD. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Renaissance - Ottoman Empire. In order to deal with these new Ottoman subjects, Mehmed instituted a new system, later called the millet system. The Ottoman Turks … The rulers followed the religious traditions of the ancient Romans, although religion became less prevalent during the latter years. UNLIMITED TV SHOWS & MOVIES. Re: Ottoman Empire (1900) vs Qing China (1900) Originally Posted by neoptolemos The fact that Ottomans were in decline as a state and as an army, despite the glorious past and the military tradition, is a con for them. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Renaissance - Ottoman Empire webquest print page. Soldiers of the Ottoman Empire had more advanced weapons than those of the Roman soldiers, as firearms were non-existent 2000 years ago. La Sublime Porte était le nom du gouvernement de l'Empire ottoman. Ottoman empire: ottoman empire, empire created by turkish tribes that grew to be one of the most powerful states in the world in the 15th and 16th centuries. 9:18. Although the Ottoman rulers usually referred to themselves as sultans instead of caliphs, the Ottoman Empire fit the definition of a true Islamic … Rise of Empires: Ottoman Military Documentaries Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II wages an epic campaign to take the Byzantine capital of Constantinople and shapes the course of history for centuries. Only vestal virgins, who served the gods and goddesses in numerous temples, were somewhat free to live their lives as they saw fit. Top 10 blogs in 2020 for remote teaching and learning; Dec. 11, 2020. Sultan Suleyman Empire Ottoman Turkish People North Europe Empire Romain Kairo Bagdad North Sea Baltic Sea. Compare and contrast the Ottoman Empire with the Safavid empire in terms of the rising ideology, institution of religion, political structure, and their significance in the world. So in the early 16th century, the Roman empire still has the advantage. Roman Empire from what year? Introduction “Empire” is a classical category in the study of politics that was neglected or even derided for several decades. Constantinople didn't fall in 1453, the city was conquered in 453AD which is 1000 years earlier than the history books tell us. The Grenaman Empire : The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire 1352 Words | 6 Pages. The Western provinces began to fragment and eventually fell, but the Eastern Roman Empire, with its capital in Constantinople, would continue to exist for another 1000 years, until it finally fell to the Ottomans in 1453. A very detailed and reliable chronology of the Ottoman Empire is silent about these werewolves observed in 1542 (949 of the hegira). Jul 5, 2019 - Explore David Feeback's board "Roman empire" on Pinterest. In 1528 the Ottoman war machine had summed up a force of over 150,000 men and began to siege the city of Vienna. Military Documentaries. Mehmed II personally oversaw the establishment of the Kayışdağı, Kırkçeşme, Hamidiye, Cev’mi-i Şerife and Taksim water systems (Masters, 2001). Also, even in case it's the Roman Empire of 100 AD versus the Ottomans of 1600 AD, the Roman Empire's vast logistical resources will ensure it can entertain the Ottomans with hundreds of thousands of enemies to shoot at until the Romans manage to assimilate the new technologies. The Ottoman empire and Mughal empire had both similarities and differences. An obnoxiously incorrect notion that intentionally overlooks one of the Empires greatest achievements, that it continued until 1453, which is pretty bloody amazing. In the Ottoman Empire, Muslims could not be held as slaves unless they were prisoners of war. The 17th century European kingdoms had vastly greater military power than the Mughals and similar Asian empires. 3. The Roman Empire, on the other hand, was a republic with a senate that voted on who would be appointed as Caesar (Potter, 1999). So in the early 16th century, the Roman empire still has the advantage. abbasid empire vs ottoman empire questions in the project economy of abbasid vs economy of ottoman definition objectives knowledge of abbasid vs knowledge of ottoman conclusion -syeikh hassan al hudhaibi- abstract nik zulaikha rumaisa' siti nursyahirah nurul syamilah afaf atiqah Even though both empires were ruled by authoritarian rulers, their political, religious, and cultural structures had significant differences. Ottoman Empire Map from foundation 1299, rise from 1453 to 1683, peak by Suleiman the Magnificent, decline 1699, fall WW1 1914. Nice quiz, only Ottoman Empire had more than one capital throughout its existence: Söğüt (c. 1299–1335) Bursa (1335–1363) Adrianople (Edirne) (1363–1453) Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) (1453–1922) Tandis que l'Empire ottoman, qui a été établi par Osman 1, était une puissance mondiale de 1299AD et 1923AD, l'Empire romain, dont le premier empereur était Auguste, a dominé le monde de 27BC à 476AD. From 1453, one of the titles used by the Ottoman Sultans was "Caesar of Rome" (Turkish: Kayser-i Rum), part of their titles until the Ottoman Empire ended in 1922. Sultan Suleyman Empire Ottoman Turkish People North Europe Empire Romain Kairo Bagdad North Sea Baltic Sea. Ottoman Empire n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Ex : "Paris, Canada, Louis XVI" In the late 14th century Sigismund of Luxemburg (14 February 1368 – 9 December 1437), Holy Roman Empire, King of Hungary and King of Croatia, went on a Crusade.He was … It was called the Roman Empire. Sep 23, 2014 - Category:Maps of the Ottoman Empire | Wiki Atlas of World History Wiki | Fandom Article by NatGeoEducation. That's the issue: in those two pictures, the Roman empire under Trajan looks much larger than the Ottoman Empire. The knowledge of Western culture, particularly the Roman Empire, helped him in it… for been excisted jianissaries it should be first conquering the roman empire, so the question of the thread has no meaning , if u take as fact that the ottomans use jianissaries . Both the Ottoman and Roman Empires were stretched over large swathes of the earth. À la tête de … The Ottoman Empire was a strict land based empire, while the Spanish Empire had both land and sea based trade, which helped them economically flourish. It also managed to remain the most powerful political entity in Europe despite being cut in half, up until the very last 200 years of its existence. As well, the Ottoman Empire took part in the slave trade. Scholars generally consider the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties to be the first two caliphates, with the Ottoman Empire being the third great Islamic caliphate. Roman engineers mainly focused on creating vaults, arches, and aqueduct systems that would serve the needs of their many cities. Roman Empire 27 BC-AD 1453, Your email address will not be published. He had little success to begin with, but was eventually engaged by and beaten by Cezzar Ahmet Pasha of Ottoman Empire around the year 1800. For instance, in celebrations such as paca günü and kina gecesi, women would celebrate engagement and wedding preparations outside their homes (Keating, 2007). The Ottoman and the Spanish empires certainly had their fair … InformativeVideos. The pantheon included gods like Mars, Apollo, Pluto, Neptune, Jupiter, Janus and Bacchus; as well as goddesses like Juno, Venus, Minerva, and Proserpine (Mehta-Jones, 2004). And he fought to realize that vision — on the ashes of an empire. Copyright © 2006-2020 Historum. JavaScript is disabled. Netflix Netflix. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. To build a strong economy, the Spanish and the Ottomans controlled trade by capturing land and turned to … Although the Austrians at first appear successful, they sustain hea… This Empire stretched throughout the Mediterranean areas of Europe, Asia, and Africa and encompassed a population of between 50 and 90 million individuals, nearly one-fifth of the global population at that time. Suleiman ordered the city to be completely surrounded, and began attacking the makeshift city walls with Bombards. the ottoman empire has ruled europe for over 300 years As a respected special investigator for the state police, Kamal Agha is committed to keeping the empire safe from threats inside and out. (Thanks crusaders, could’ve held out longer had it not been for the fourth crusade sacking Constantinople) Also its citizens, government, and neighbors all continued to refer to the old beast simply as the Roman Empire, because that’s exactly what it was. The Roman army was 400,000 men strong and much more professional than either the French or the Ottoman armies. The two societies used architecture to legitimize their power. Historians only started calling it ‘Byzantine Empire’ in 1800’s. 60.Complete History of Ottoman Empire _ Ghazi Osman Founder of Ottoman Empire. In 1600 AD the European armies weren't as modern as these. On November 14, 1914, in Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire, the religious leader Sheikh-ul-Islam declares an Islamic holy war on behalf of the The Safavids, as you can see here, were really founded in the very early 16th century, officially 1501, by their founder Shah Ismail, sometimes known as Ismail I. The conflict began when Sultan Suleiman the Lawgiver invaded Hungary in 1526 and defeated King Louis II Jagellio, who died trying to escape. Hindi & Urdu. By 1517, Bayezid’s son, Selim I, brought Syria, Arabia, Palestine, and Egypt under Ottoman control.. Movies. Slaves were a part of both the Roman and Ottoman Empires. There were also Islamic laws that guaranteed slaves the right to medical care, shelter, food, and clothing. This is the start of the Dark Ages in Europe. For all its existence. He also funded the construction of 33 Sukemeri (aqueducts) like the Mağlova Kemeri, Kovuk Kemer, Güzelce Kemer, Uzunkemer, and Paşa Kemeri (Masters, 2001). In Roman society, slaves had no rights. Some say he's a show-off and a little stingy. Both these empires expanded their territories aggressively, and both were absolute monarchies that used similar social, economic, and military policies … Ottoman empire definition, a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century; collapsed after World War I. Also, the peak of Ottoman power was earlier than in 1600 AD. Virtual holiday party ideas + new holiday templates; Dec. 11, 2020 Roman Empire lasted 1500 yrs – in fact it was the Ottoman Empire that finally ended the Roman Empire. Advertising. Some … End of the Western Roman Empire and the fall of Ancient Rome The last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus is defeated by the German Goth Odoacer. So they invented the intentionally misleading term “Byzantine” in a disrespectful attempt to separate the long lived Eastern Roman Empire from its own history and identity, and pretend like the entire empire ended with the West in 476. L'Empire Romain fut sans doute le plus grand et puissant empire que l'Occident est porter, du moins, dans notre conscience collective. A difficult question. 3. The History of the Ottoman Empire Essay 2307 Words | 10 Pages. The Ottoman Empire and the Ottonian Empire were part of the same political entity that conquered both halves of the Roman Empire in the 5th century. The Ottoman Empire is from which year? The Ottoman Empire was an Islamic empire controlled by the Ottoman Turks. A quick run down of the Ottoman Empire is: “The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه), sometimes referred to as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a contiguous transcontinental empire founded by Oghuz Turks under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299. Capital: Constantinople. 5. Hindi & Urdu. Hell, the capital had already been transferred to Constantinople in 330, well over a century before the West was even lost. one of the most powerful and longest lasting empires in the history of the world